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It is also located near Germany's two largest islands, Rügen and Usedom, and it is close to three of Germany's 14 national parks.
It has been the capital of the newly established district of Vorpommern-Greifswald since the September 2011 district reforms.
In medieval times, the site of Greifswald was an unsettled woodland which marked the border between the Danish Principality of Rügen and the Pomeranian County of Gützkow, which at that time was also under Danish control.
In 1199, the Rugian Prince Jaromar I allowed Danish Cistercian monks to build Hilda Abbey, now Eldena Abbey, at the mouth of the River Ryck.
The salt trade helped Eldena Abbey to become an influential religious center, and Greifswald became a widely known market.
When the Danes had to surrender their Pomeranian lands south of the Ryck, after losing the Battle of Bornhöved in 1227, the town succeeded to the Pomeranian dukes.
We recommend you to visit the following pages about travelling to Greifswald: .